Hydraulic Flanges and Components
The 4-bolt flange connections conforming to SAE J518 and ISO 6162-1 and -2 are proven, leak-free connections, especially suited for larger sizes, higher pressures and assembly in tight quarters.
Threaded port connections such as SAE straight thread O-ring and ISO 6149 are reasonably easy to assemble and provide 6000 psi and higher pressure capability up to size 12 (M27). Beyond this size the pressure rating starts to decrease and assembly torques increase rapidly. The 4-bolt flange port connections provide ability to connect larger sizes and achieve higher-pressure capability at reasonable assembly torques. Because of the lower assembly torques compared to an equivalent size threaded port, these connections are well suited for tight quarters where wrench clearances are limited. Parker 4-bolt flange products (described in 4300 catalogue) provide various means of connecting tubes, hoses, pipes and threaded fittings to 4-bolt flange ports. The discussion below provides an overview of some of the available flange products.
Design and Construction
Parker 4-bolt flange products are designed to provide different methods of connecting a tube, hose, pipe or another fitting to the SAE standard 4-bolt flange port.
Flange Fittings — All Parker flange fittings, except for those with square mounting hole patterns (nomenclature code QS), are designed to conform to O-ring groove, bolt holes and bolt pattern dimensions of either Code 61 or Code 62 of SAE J518 and ISO 6162-1 (Code 61) or -2 (Code 62).
The flange adapters (Code Q1 and Q2), and flange block fittings (Codes Q1B, Q2B and QSB) have O-ring grooves conforming to dimensions in SAE J518. The flange block fittings (Codes Q1B and Q2B) have through holes for the mounting bolts, again conforming to SAE J518. There is no industry standard for the bolt pattern of the square pattern block flanges with codes QSP and QSB.
The flange pad fittings (Codes Q1P, Q2P, and QSP) have a flat face (no O-ring groove) and the mounting holes are tapped. Where these fittings are used, the seal is in the mating part (flange adapter, flange hose fitting, flange block fitting, etc.).
Dimensions other than the O-ring groove, bolt holes, bolt pattern, and the flange foot print (for codes Q1B and Q2B only) are not governed by any industry standard. However, Parker product design follows common industry practice and sound engineering.
Flange Clamps — Clamps are used for providing the holding power to the 4-bolt flange connection. They are offered in split and captive (one-piece) versions. The captive version is also offered with either drilled or tapped bolt holes. The captive flange clamp with tapped holes is used while connecting a tube to another tube or a hose.
Parker flange clamps are forged for higher strength and durability. They meet all requirements of SAE J518. The split clamps make it easy to assemble the connection in close quarters. They also make removal of the flange head component, such as a hose assembly, easy by loosening all four bolts and removing one clamp half.
Junction Block Tees — These are solid block union fittings to connect two tube/hose assemblies using 4-bolt flange connection, at a junction, to SAE 4-bolt flange port, or three tube/hose assemblies to each other.
Connector Plate — Connector plate is used as a middle plate to connect two flange heads with O-ring grooves, such as two hose assemblies with flange connection ends. The flat surface of the plate provides sealing surface on each side for the O-ring housed in the hose ends.
Spacer Plate — Spacer plate provides access to the system fluid via the gage port on the side. The plate is between the flange connection to provide this access.
Plugs — Plugs provide a means to block off the 4-bolt flange port with and without clamps, and to plug the end of a pipe (via welding).
Tank Weld Adapter — Tank weld adapters provide a means of flange connection to a fabricated reservoir or tank.
Note: Split flange clamps are zinc clear (or Cr6 free) chromate. All other steel flanges are oil dipped. Flange adapters are not plated.
How Flange Connections Work
How Flange Connections Work The four-bolt flange connection (SAE J518) is a proven leak-free connection, especially suited for larger sizes. As a result, it has achieved worldwide acceptance.
The connection’s success is in its simplicity. It is a static face seal using a high durometer O-ring for the seal and clamps and bolts for holding power. Alternatively, a bonded seal plate is between the port face and the flat face of a mechanically formed (flanged with Parflange® process) tube to achieve the same results.
The (O-ring) seal is compressed between the bottom of the groove in the flange head and the flat surface of the port or flange pad, providing a reliable soft seal. The alternate seal plate has a high durometer bonded rubber seal on the inside edge, which compresses between the two flat surfaces, providing a soft seal with the same reliability. A metal-to-metal contact at the outer face of the flange with the port face keeps the seal from extruding under pressure. This metal-to-metal contact is maintained by the clamping force provided by tightening the bolts via the clamps.
This simple design provides several advantages over threaded port connections, such as NPTF, SAE, BSPP, ISO 6149, etc., in larger sizes:
- Ability to connect up to 5 inch O.D tube (Code 61 only)
- Much lower tightening torque required from the four bolts compared to that required for equivalent size threaded port
- Less tightening torque means smaller wrenches and wrench swing clearances — providing ease of assembly in tight quarters
- Up to 6000 psi capability through 2v size (Code 62 only)
- Single seal point between tube/pipe/hose assembly and the port
- Ease of disassembly through use of split clamps
The connection has one disadvantage — it requires a larger area (foot print) on the component than an equivalent threaded port.
Dual Seal Flange Adapters
Parker's Dual Seal Flange Adapter product line provides a solution for high vibration, high shock hydraulic four bolt connection styles used in various applications. This Parker innovation is offered as an alternative to traditional ISO 6121 (SAE J518) Code 62 Flange connections providing improved port retention, increased sealing capability and elimination of costly field replacement due to failure. Dual Seal Flange Adapters incorporate both radial and face seal technologies, reducing the potential for system leakage and ingression of air or water caused by side loading of traditional flange face seal connections.
Dual Seal Flange Adapters have a system working pressure rating of 7500 PSI with a 4:1 design factor. The face seal system incorporates Parker’s Captive O-ring Groove technology to prevent o-ring fall out during installation minimizing connection failures seen with traditional flange connections.
Design and Construction
The Dual Seal Flange adapter consists of three components: a body, a face sealing O-ring and a radial sealing O-ring. The body is manufactured from Heat Code Traceable 316 stainless steel and the O-rings are manufactured from 90 durometer Nitrile. Additional components used for assembly of the Dual Seal Flange adapters include four bolts, flange clamps and lock washers. Flange clamps are available from Parker Tube Fittings Division, with standard sizes listed in the catalogue.
The Dual Seal Flange Adapter Body
Dual seal flange adapters bodies are manufactured in 1/2", 1" and 1 1/2" sizes with ten different cold drawn tube, pipe or hose end configurations available as standard. Straight bodies are machined from 316/316L bar stock.
Dual Seal Flange Clamps
Flange clamps are offered in both split and captive (one-piece) versions depending on the adapter configuration being used. Flange clamps are machined from 316/316L materials. For all straight Dual Seal Flange Adapter bodies split flange clamp are required. The 90° and 45° cast shaped versions can be installed with either split or captive flange clamps.
Dual Seal Flange Adapters are designed to conform to bolt thread and bolt pattern dimensions of ISO 6162-2 or SAE J518 Code 62.
Materials used in the manufacture of Parker Dual Seal Flange Adapters are compliant to NACE MR0175. All products are Heat Code Traceable and have been tested to SAE requirements.
How Dual Seal Flange Adapters Work
Dual Seal Flange connections use both a radial seal and face seal to achieve superior leak free port connection. The primary radial seal (A) improves the pressure capabilities of this adapter to 7500 PSI while offering additional system integrity. The face seal (B) provides resistance of external pressures introduced by the application environment. The flange clamps (C) and bolts (D) are used to compress the o-rings into the port and provide the clamping force necessary.
The Parker Advantage
Improved Pressure Rating: Parker’s new Dual Seal design is rated for up to 7500 PSI to meet current and future hydraulic design needs. This design has also been tested to meet standard SAE J1644 parameters.
Captive O-ring Groove: The design of Parker’s Dual Seal Flange Adapters incorporates a captive O-ring groove (CORG) which prevents O-ring fall out during installation further preventing the possibility of leaks.
Radial Seal: The primary radial seal (A) improves the pressure capabilities of the Dual Seal system to 7500 PSI while offering additional system integrity.
Ingression Seal: Reduces the potential for side loading and ultimately connection failure in high impulse and high vibration applications.
Multiple Standard Configurations: Parker’s Dual Seal Flange Adapter product line includes a variety of tube, pipe, and hose connection styles to meet hydraulic system design needs. Included are Parker’s Seal-Lok (SAE J1453), Triple-Lok (SAE J514), SAE ORB (SAE J1926) and NPTF for traditional hydraulic connections. In addition, to offer a solution for schedule pipe assemblies, Parker offers socket weld configurations.
For more information
View the Hydraulic Flanges & Components & Dual Seal Flanges catalogue online.